An infant is a young baby from the time of delivery up to 1 year of age. This is the period in which the baby is learning to focus their eyesight, explore the small things that are valuable to them, and adapt to their environment.
The baby also creates bonds and builds trust with their parents and other caregivers. This is the first step in building their social and emotional aspect of life. It is the way caregivers handle the baby that will be a foundation for how the baby will relate with others.
While parenting, it is important to pay attention to all needs of the baby to promote balance. Family involvement and participation in care will encourage growth and development.
Nourishment-The mother’s breast milk is the most appropriate to provide fluids, nutritional requirements, and boost immunity. You should initiate breastfeeding immediately after birth exclusively for 6 months. Introduce other foods after 6 months since breast milk alone cannot sustain the growth of the infant after this stage.
Breastfeeding is natural; however, it becomes difficult for some individuals. There are solutions for breastfeeding in babies that a mother can employ. You can book an appointment at chiropractic Shiloh, IL, for assistance on breastfeeding.
Weaning: Introduce one food at a time to observe for any reaction and promote tolerance to the baby’s developing digestive system. As the baby tolerates, encourage them to feed themselves.
Bonding: This is made possible by talking to the infant and responding to their voices. Eye contact with your baby is also crucial as it strengthens the relationship. Babies do communicate; therefore, you should be keen so that you can identify ways in which your baby communicates and their meaning.
Infection prevention– The baby’s immunity develops at 2-3 months. Before this period, they are protected by the immunity they acquired from the mother. It is necessary to boost this immunity through breastfeeding and vaccination. Ensure you strictly adhere to the scheduled immunization appointments.
The umbilical cord should be treated using antiseptic solutions, e.g., chlorhexidine or warm salty water, until it has healed. It should be kept dry at all times.
Bath time: Infants should be bath daily, and petroleum jelly applied to prevent skin breakdown.
Safety– Do not leave the baby unattended and get rid of anything that could cause suffocation, e.g., pillows
Sleep– During the first 2 months of life, the infants need at least 20 hours of sleep. Ensure you also provide maximum comfort as the baby sleeps.
Exercises– You should leave the baby free of tight clothes to kick and throw hands as they desire. This will promote the strengthening of muscles and improve circulation. You should always check on the baby’s activity since it is also their way of communication.
These are minor disorders that can be prevented. They include:
Sore buttocks which refer to reddening of the napkin caused by not changing the napkin as soon as it is soiled and improper rinsing of napkins. You can prevent this by using mild soaps in washing and rinsing them thoroughly.
Skin rashes– They are red tiny pimples due to heat. Ensure you dress the baby according to weather to prevent excess heat. You can use antiseptic creams to treat them to prevent further infection.
Dehydration fever– This is a high temperature due to insufficient breastfeeding.
Scratches and nail fold injuries– Babies can scratch their skin, providing a port of entry of microorganisms. You should keep baby’s nail short.
Vomiting– This is usually common in the first 24 hours; however, if it occurs later, consult a pediatrician as it may be gastroesophageal reflux symptom.
Infants have no resistance to bacterial and viral infections. The infections below are serious and need medical attention.
Diarrhea – It is the most common and occurs mostly due to poor hygiene when feeding.
Ophthalmia Neonatorum – This refers to any discharge from the eyes of an infant.
Respiratory infections, e.g., pneumonia
Omphalitis – It is the inflammation of the umbilicus. Results due to poor handling in the process of healing.
For any of these infections or any other concerns, you can visit Shiloh Chiropractic for quality services and ideal health care for your baby.